Excel formula for Beginners – How to Average with multiple criteria in Excel


(Excel examples for Beginners)

In this end-to-end excel example, you will learn – Excel formula for Beginners – How to Average with multiple criteria in Excel.


Excel formula for Beginners – How to Average with multiple criteria in Excel

Generic formula



To average numbers based on multiple criteria, you can use the AVERAGEIFS function. In the example shown, the formula in I5 is:


where “group” (B5:B14), “region” (C5:C14), and “sales” (D5:D14) are named ranges.

How this formula works

Like the COUNTIFS and SUMIFS function, the AVERAGEIFS function is designed to handle multiple criteria which are entered in [range, criteria] pairs. As long as this information is supplied correctly, the behavior of AVERAGEIFS is fully automatic.

In the example shown, we have group values in column F and region values in column G. We use these values directly by using cell references for criteria.

The first argument holds the range of values to average:


To restrict calculation by group we provide:


To restrict calculation by region we use:


The result in cell J5 is 105:

=AVERAGEIFS(sales,group,F5,region,G5) // returns 105

Without named ranges

Named ranges are used for readability only. The equivalent formula in J5, without named ranges and with criteria values hardcoded is:


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