Swift programming for Beginners – Swift continue Statement

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(Swift for Beginners)

Swift continue Statement

In this article, you will learn to use continue statement to transfer control of the program.

While you are working with loops or conditional statements, you may require to skip some statements inside the loop or terminate the loop immediately without checking the test expression.

 

In such cases, break and continue statements are used. Visit the page to learn more about break statement.

The continue statement stops the execution of statements inside a loop or a switch statement. It then skips back to evaluate the loop’s test expression again.

The syntax of a continue statement is:

continue

How continue statement works?

Swif continue statement

Example 1: Swift continue statement in for loop

for i in 1...5 {
    if i == 4 {
        continue
    }
    print("i = (i)")
}

When you run the program, the output will be:

i = 1
i = 2
i = 3
i = 5

In the above program, the sequence being iterated over is a range from 1 to 5.

The value of i is set to the first number in the range (1), and updated to the next number of the range on each iteration.

The loop also contains an if statement with expression i == 4. The expression when evaluated to true (on 4th iteration) executes the continue statement, skips the execution of statement print("i = (i)") and moves to the next iteration (i = 5).


Example 2: Swift continue statement in while loop

var intialLevel:Int = -5, finalLevel:Int = 2
var currentLevel:Int = intialLevel

while currentLevel < finalLevel {
    if intialLevel < 0 {
        print("Starting level must be positive")
        intialLevel = 0
        currentLevel = intialLevel
        continue //skips the current execution
    }
    currentLevel += 1
    print("next level")
}
print("outside of while loop")

When you run the program,the output will be:

Starting level must be positive
next level
next level
outside of while loop

In the above program, the while loop runs until currentLevel is less than finalLevel. Since, intialLevel is assigned value -5 and is less than 0, statements inside the if executes.

When the program reaches continue statement, it skips the statements of the while loop and jumps to check the condition currentLevel < finalLevel again.


Example 3: Swift continue statement with nested loops

for j in 1...2 {
    for i in 1...5 {
        if i == 4 {
            continue
        }
        print("i = (i)")
    }
    print("j = (j)")
}

When you run the program,the output will be:

i = 1
i = 2
i = 3
i = 5
j = 1
i = 1
i = 2
i = 3
i = 5

In the above program, continue statement inside the if i == 4 only skips the execution of statement print("i = (i)") inside the inner for loop. However, it doesn’t skip the execution of outer loop for i in 1...5.

But, what if you want to continue the outerloop as well. For that, you need to use labeled statements in Swift.


Labeled Statement with continue

Statements that have prefixes in the form (label : Statement) are called as labeled statement. The label is an identifier which you can refer later in the break or continue statements. To learn more about labeled statements, visit Swift labeled statement.

How labeled statement with continue works?

Swift labeled statement with continue

Here, label is an identifier. When continue statement executes, the program skips the rest of the coe inside the loop and jumps to the statement where label starts.

Example 4: Labeled Statement with continue

outerloop: for j in 1...2 {
    innerloop: for i in 1...5 {
        if i == 4 {
            continue outerloop
        }
        print("i = (i)")
    }
    print("j = (j)")
}

When you run the program, the output will be:

i = 1
i = 2
i = 3
i = 1
i = 2
i = 3

In the above program, there are two labeled statements outerloop: for j in 1...2 and innerloop: for i in 1...5.

The label names outerloop and innerloop can be used with the continue statement.

In the program, we have used the statement continue outerloop to skip the execution of statements inside both inner and outer loops. In the process, values of both i and j are updated to the next number in the range.

 

Swift programming for Beginners – Swift continue Statement

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