R Examples for Beginners – R Program to Sample from a Population

(R Example for Citizen Data Scientist & Business Analyst)


R Program to Sample from a Population

In this example, you will learn to take sample from a population using sample() function.

We generally require to sample data from a large population.

R has a function called sample() to do the same. We need to provide the population and the size we wish to sample.

Additionally, we can specify if we want to do sampling with replacement. By default it is done without replacement.

Example: Sample From a Population

Sample 2 items from x

> x
[1]  1  3  5  7  9 11 13 15 17
> # sample 2 items from x
> sample(x, 2)
[1] 13  9

If we don’t provide the size to sample, it defaults to the length of the population. This can be used to scramble x.

More examples to sample from a population.

> # sample with replacement
> sample(x, replace = TRUE)
[1] 15 17 13  9  5 15 11 15  1
> # if we simply pass in a positive number n, it will sample
> # from 1:n without replacement
> sample(10)
[1]  2  4  7  9  1  3 10  5  8  6

An example to simulate a coin toss for 10 times.

> sample(c("H","T"),10, replace = TRUE)
[1] "H" "H" "H" "T" "H" "T" "H" "H" "H" "T"


R Examples for Beginners – How to filter Data in R


R Examples for Beginners – R Program to Sample from a Population


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