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# Java Program to Check Whether a Number is Prime or Not

#### In this article, you’ll learn to check whether a number is prime or not. This is done using a for loop and while loop in Java.

A prime number is a number which is divisible by only two numbers: 1 and itself. So, if any number is divisible by any other number, it is not a prime number.

## Example 1: Program to Check Prime Number using a for loop

```
public class Main{
public static void main(String[] args){
int num = 29;
boolean flag = false;
for(int i = 2; i <= num/2; ++i)
{
// condition for nonprime number
if(num % i == 0)
{
flag = true;
break;
}
}
if (!flag)
System.out.println(num + " is a prime number.");
else
System.out.println(num + " is not a prime number.");
}
}
```

**Output**

29 is a prime number.

In the above program, for loop is used to determine if the given number `num` is prime or not.

**Here, note that we are looping from 2 to num/2. It is because a number is not divisible by more than its half.**

Inside the `for`

loop, we check if the number is divisible by any number in the given range `(2...num/2)`

.

- If
`num`is divisible,`flag`is set to`true`

and we break out of the loop. This determines`num`is not a prime number. - If
`num`isn’t divisible by any number,`flag`is false and`num`is a prime number.

## Example 2: Program to Check Prime Number using a while loop

```
public class Main{
public static void main(String[] args){
int num = 33, i = 2;
boolean flag = false;
while(i <= num/2)
{
// condition for nonprime number
if(num % i == 0)
{
flag = true;
break;
}
++i;
}
if (!flag)
System.out.println(num + " is a prime number.");
else
System.out.println(num + " is not a prime number.");
}
}
```

**Output**

33 is not a prime number.

In the above program, while loop is used instead of a for loop. The loop runs until `i <= num/2`

. On each iteration, whether `num` is divisble by `i` is checked and the value of `i` is incremented by 1.

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