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(Excel examples for Beginners)

In this end-to-end excel example, you will learn – How to Subtotal by category in Excel.

Generic formula

`=SUMIF(color_range,criteria,number_range)`

Explanation

If you need to subtotal numbers by color, you can easily do so with the SUMIF function.

In the example shown, the formula in G5 is:

`=SUMIF(\$B\$4:\$B\$11,F5,\$D\$4:\$D\$11)`

How this formula works

The SUMIF function takes three arguments: range, criteria, and sum_range. In this case, we are using:

Range: \$B\$4:\$B\$11 – This is the set of cells to which the criteria (a color from column F in this case) will be applied. This is an absolute reference that won’t change when the formula is copied down.

Criteria: F5 – a relative address that will changed when copied down. This reference simply picks up the criteria from the adjacent cell in column F.

Sum_range: \$D\$4:\$D\$11 –  This is the set of cells being summed by SUMIF, when the supplied criteria is TRUE. This is an absolute reference that won’t change when the formula is copied down.

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