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# (Excel examples for Beginners)

In this end-to-end excel example, you will learn – Excel formula for Beginners – How to Sort values by columns in Excel.

### Generic formula

=SORT(data,index,order,TRUE)

### Summary

To sort values by columns, you can use the SORT function. In the example shown, data is sorted by the Group column. The formula in C8 is:

=SORT(C4:L5,2,-1,TRUE)

The result is the range C4:L5 sorted by score in descending order.

### Explanation

The SORT function sorts a range using a given index, called sort_index. Normally, this index represents a column in the source data.

However, the SORT function has an optional argument called “by_col” which allows sorting values organized in columns. To sort by column, this argument must be set to TRUE, which tells the SORT function that sort_index represents a row.

In this case, we want to sort the data by Score, which appears in the second row, so we use a sort_index of 2. The SORT function that appears in C8 is configured like this:

=SORT(C4:L5,2,-1,TRUE)
• array is the data in the range C4:L5
• sort_index is 2, since score is in the second row
• sort_order is -1, since we want to sort in descending order
• by_col is TRUE, since data is organized in columns

The SORT function returns the sorted array into the range C8:L9. This result is dynamic; if any scores in the source data change, the results will automatically update.

### With SORTBY

The SORTBY function can also be used to solve this problem. With SORTBY, the equivalent formula is:

=SORTBY(C4:L5,C5:L5,-1)

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