# (Excel examples for Beginners)

In this end-to-end excel example, you will learn – Excel formula for Beginners – How to Sort text by length in Excel.

### Generic formula

`=SORTBY(data,LEN(data),-1)`

### Summary

To sort text strings by length in ascending or descending order, you can use a formula based on the SORTBY and LEN functions. In the example shown, the formula in D5 is:

`=SORTBY(B5:B15,LEN(B5:B15),-1)`

which sorts the text values in column B by string length, in descending order.

### Explanation

The SORTBY function can sort values in a range with an array that doesn’t exist on the worksheet.

In this example, we want to sort the values in B5:B15 by the number of characters each string contains. Working from inside out, we use the LEN function to get the length of each value:

`LEN(B5:B15) // get length of all strings`

Because we give LEN an array with 11 values, we get an array with 11 lengths:

`{5;7;14;6;5;13;9;4;8;6;11}`

Each number represents the character length of a value in B5:B11.

This array is returned directly to the SORTBY function as the by_array1 argument:

`=SORTBY(B5:B15,{5;7;14;6;5;13;9;4;8;6;11},-1)`

The SORTBY function allows sorting based on one or more “sort by” arrays, as long as dimensions are compatible with the source data. In this case, there are 11 rows in the source data, and 11 rows in the array returned by LEN, so the requirement is met.

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