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# (Excel examples for Beginners)

In this end-to-end excel example, you will learn – Excel formula for Beginners – How to Extract common values from two lists in Excel.

### Generic formula

`=FILTER(list1,COUNTIF(list2,list1))`

### Explanation

To compare two lists and extract common values, you can use a formula based on the FILTER and COUNTIF functions. In the example shown, the formula in F5 is:

`=FILTER(list1,COUNTIF(list2,list1))`

where list1 (B5:B15) and list2 (D5:D13) are named ranges. The result, values that appear in both lists, spills into the range F5:F11.

### How this formula works

The FILTER function accepts an array of values and an “include” argument which filters the array based on a logical expression or value.

In this case, the array is provided as the named range “list1”, which contains all values in B5:B15. The include argument is delivered by the COUNTIF function, which is nested inside FILTER:

`=FILTER(list1,COUNTIF(list2,list1))`

COUNTIF is set up with list2 as range, and list1 as criteria. Because we give COUNTIF eleven criteria values, COUNTIF returns eleven results in an array like this:

`{1;1;0;1;0;1;0;1;0;1;1}`

Notice the 1’s correspond to items in list2 that appear in list1.

This array is delivered directly to the FILTER function as the “include” argument:

`=FILTER(list1,{1;1;0;1;0;1;0;1;0;1;1})`

The FILTER function filters list1 using the values provided by COUNTIF. Values associated with zero are removed; other values are preserved.

The final result is an array of values that exist in both lists, which spills into the range F5:F11.

### Extended logic

In the above formula, we use the raw results from COUNTIF as the filter. This works because Excel evaluates any non-zero value as TRUE, and zero as FALSE. If COUNTIF returns a count greater than 1, the filter will still work properly.

To force TRUE and FALSE results explicitly, you can use “>0” like this:

`=FILTER(list1,COUNTIF(list2,list1)>0)`

### Remove duplicates or sort

To remove duplicates, just nest the formula inside the UNIQUE function:

`=UNIQUE(FILTER(list1,COUNTIF(list2,list1)))`

To sort results, nest in the SORT function:

`=SORT(UNIQUE(FILTER(list1,COUNTIF(list2,list1))))`

### List values missing from list2

To output values in list1 missing from list2, you can reverse the logic like this:

`=FILTER(list1,COUNTIF(list2,list1)=0)`

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