# Excel formula for Beginners – How to Average if criteria not blank in Excel

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In this end-to-end excel example, you will learn – Excel formula for Beginners – How to Average if criteria not blank in Excel.

### Generic formula

`=AVERAGEIFS(range1,range2,"<>")`

### Explanation

To calculate an average, excluding blank values in a criteria range, you can use the AVERAGEIFS function and a simple logical expression. In the example shown, the formula in F6 is:

`=AVERAGEIFS(price,group,"<>")`

where “price” (C5:C15) and “group” (D5:D15) are named ranges.

### How this formula works

Excel supports a number of logical operators that can be used in various ways to construct criteria. In this example, we are using the not equals to operator (<>) to exclude values with no group in D5:D15. The range and criteria are supplied as two arguments:

`D5:D15,"<>"`

Which is equivalent to the expression:

`D5:D15<>""`

which means not equal to an empty string, e.g. not empty.

### Excluding formulas

The formula above will not exclude empty strings returned by formulas (=””).  If you have empty strings returned by formulas in the criteria range, you can adjust the criteria like this:

`=AVERAGEIFS(C5:C15,D5:D15,">""")`

This will correctly exclude empty string returned by formulas.

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