# Data Analyst’s recipe | How to create a scatter plot in Python

Creating a scatter plot in Python is a straightforward process that involves using a plotting library such as Matplotlib. In this recipe, we will go through the steps of creating a scatter plot in Python.

## Step 1: Install Matplotlib

Matplotlib is a popular data visualization library in Python. To install it, open your command prompt or terminal and run the following command:

``pip install matplotlib``

## Step 2: Import Matplotlib and Numpy

To use Matplotlib for data visualisation, you need to import it into your Python code. Additionally, we’ll also import the NumPy library to create some sample data to plot:

``````import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np``````

In this example, we will use the “Iris” dataset from the UCI Machine Learning Repository. We can load the dataset using the pandas library as follows:

``````import pandas as pd

## Step 4: Create Scatter Plot

To create a scatter plot using Matplotlib, we need to provide x and y coordinates for each point we want to plot. In this example, we will plot the sepal length and sepal width for the first 50 rows of the dataset.

``````# Extract the first 50 rows of data
X = df.iloc[0:50, ].values
Y = df.iloc[0:50, ].values

# Create a scatter plot
plt.scatter(X, Y)

# Set the title and labels for the axes
plt.title('Scatter Plot of Sepal Length vs Sepal Width')
plt.xlabel('Sepal Length')
plt.ylabel('Sepal Width')

# Show the plot
plt.show()``````

This will create a scatter plot of sepal length vs sepal width for the first 50 rows of the Iris dataset.

# Here is another example,

``````import pandas as pd
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

# Extract the data we want to plot
X = df['alcohol']
Y = df['volatile acidity']

# Create a scatter plot
plt.scatter(X, Y)

# Set the title and labels for the axes
plt.title('Scatter Plot of Alcohol Content vs Volatile Acidity')
plt.xlabel('Alcohol Content')
plt.ylabel('Volatile Acidity')

# Show the plot
plt.show()``````

### Add a trendline to the scatter plot:

``````import pandas as pd
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np

# Extract the data we want to plot
X = df['alcohol']
Y = df['volatile acidity']

# Fit a linear regression line to the data
slope, intercept = np.polyfit(X, Y, 1)
x = np.linspace(8, 15, 50)
y = slope * x + intercept

# Create a scatter plot
plt.scatter(X, Y)

plt.plot(x, y, color='red')

# Set the title and labels for the axes
plt.title('Scatter Plot of Alcohol Content vs Volatile Acidity')
plt.xlabel('Alcohol Content')
plt.ylabel('Volatile Acidity')

# Show the plot
plt.show()``````

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(Discount is valid for limited time only) `Disclaimer: The information and code presented within this recipe/tutorial is only for educational and coaching purposes for beginners and developers. Anyone can practice and apply the recipe/tutorial presented here, but the reader is taking full responsibility for his/her actions. The author (content curator) of this recipe (code / program) has made every effort to ensure the accuracy of the information was correct at time of publication. The author (content curator) does not assume and hereby disclaims any liability to any party for any loss, damage, or disruption caused by errors or omissions, whether such errors or omissions result from accident, negligence, or any other cause. The information presented here could also be found in public knowledge domains.`